Document Detail


Activation of platelets upon contact with a vitamin E-coated/non-coated surface.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23381644     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a vitamin E-coated surface on platelet activation, focusing on the interactions among the vitamin E-coated surface, platelets and leukocytes. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or PRP containing leukocytes (LPRP) was used. No difference was observed in platelet activation between PRP and LPRP for a vitamin E-coated membrane, meaning that platelet activation triggered by leukocytes was suppressed in plasma coming in contact with a vitamin E-coated membrane, while the membrane itself directly induced platelet activation. The antioxidant capacity of the vitamin E-coated membrane in contact with PRP or LPRP was partially reduced, but sufficient residual capacity remained. The in vitro experiments using an oxidized vitamin E-coated surface revealed that P-selectin expression and superoxide anion production in the platelets and platelet adhesion were induced by contact with the oxidized vitamin E-coated surface. We conclude that contact with a vitamin E-coated surface reduces platelet activation mediated by superoxide anions, probably by reducing superoxide anions, but during the process of the reduction, the vitamin E-coated surface itself becomes oxidized, which again causes platelet activation. The beneficial effects of a vitamin E-coated dialyzer in respect of platelet activation were counteracted by the formation of oxidized vitamin E.
Authors:
Hiroshi Tsukao; Kenichi Kokubo; Haruko Takahashi; Mina Nagasato; Takanori Endo; Naoto Iizuka; Toshihiro Shinbo; Minoru Hirose; Hirosuke Kobayashi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of artificial organs : the official journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1619-0904     ISO Abbreviation:  J Artif Organs     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815648     Medline TA:  J Artif Organs     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Kitasato University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanagawa, Japan.
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