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Activation of mouse and human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARα) by perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs): Further investigation of C4-C12 compounds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22107727     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Perfluorinated alkyl acids (PFAAs) are manufactured surfactants found globally in the environment and in tissues of humans and wildlife. Several PFAAs adversely affect rodents and activation of PPARα is thought to be their mode of action. Our previous study demonstrated that some PFAAs activate mouse and human PPARα in transiently transfected COS-1 cells. Here, we test more PFAAs for PPARα activation in the same system. Cells were transfected with either mouse or human PPARα-luciferase reporter plasmid, exposed the next day to either vehicle, PPARα agonist (WY14643), perfluoropentanoic acid (C5), perfluoroheptanoic acid (C7), perfluorooctanoic acid (C8), perfluoroundecanoic acid (C11), or perfluorododecanoic acid (C12) at concentrations from 0.5μM to 100μM, and luminescence was measured after 24h. C8 induced the highest activity for human PPARα, followed by C7, C5, and C11. C12 had little activity. C8 induced the highest activity for mouse PPARα, followed by C11, C7, C12 and C5. The two studies together found increasing activity of PPARα with increasing chain length of the PFAA up to perfluorononanoic acid (C9) and lower activity with longer chain PFAAs with both mouse and human PPARα.
Authors:
Cynthia J Wolf; Judy E Schmid; Christopher Lau; Barbara D Abbott
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproductive toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-1708     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803591     Medline TA:  Reprod Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Developmental Toxicology Branch, Toxicity Assessment Division, NHEERL, ORD, U.S. EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, United States.
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