Document Detail

Activation and inactivation of Talaromyces macrosporus ascospores by high hydrostatic pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12801006     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effect of high hydrostatic pressure treatment (with pressures of up to 700 MPa) on Talaromyces macrosporus ascospores was investigated. At 20 degrees C, pressures of > or = 200 MPa induced the activation and germination of dormant ascospores, as indicated by increased colony counts for ascospore suspensions after pressure treatment and the appearance of germination vesicles and tubes. Pressures of > 400 MPa additionally sensitized the ascospores to subsequent heat treatment. At pressures of > 500 MPa, activation occurred in a few minutes but was followed by inactivation with longer exposure. However, even with the most extreme pressure treatment, a fraction of the ascospore population appeared to resist both activation and inactivation, and the maximal achievable reduction of ascospores was on the order of 3.0 log10 units. Pressure-induced ascospore activation at 400 MPa was temperature dependent, with minimum activation at 30 to 50 degrees C and > or = 10-fold higher activation levels at 10 to 20 degrees C and at 60 degrees C, but it was not particularly pH dependent over a pH range of 3.0 to 6.0. Pressure inactivation at 600 MPa, in contrast, was pH dependent, with the inactivation level being 10-fold higher at pH 6.0 than at pH 3.0. Observation of pressure-treated and subsequently dried spores with the use of light and scanning electron microscopy revealed a collapse of the spore structure, indicating a loss of the spore wall barrier properties. Finally, pressure treatment sensitized T. macrosporus ascospores to cell wall lytic enzymes.
Kristien M F A Reyns; E A Veraverbeke; C W Michiels
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  66     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2003 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-06-12     Completed Date:  2003-07-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1035-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 22, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Colony Count, Microbial
Food Microbiology
Fruit / microbiology*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Hydrostatic Pressure
Spores, Fungal / growth & development
Talaromyces / physiology*
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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