Document Detail


Activation of floral meristem identity genes in Arabidopsis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8900276     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The Arabidopsis floral meristem-identity genes APETALA1 (AP1) and LEAFY (LFY) confer floral identity on developing floral primordia, whereas TERMINAL FLOWER (TFL) is required to repress their expression within shoot and inflorescence meristems. LFY and AP1 are expressed in floral primordia in response to environmental conditions, such as day length, which regulate the onset of flowering, and presumably also in response to the action of genes that influence flowering time. However, the relationship between these flowering-time genes and the floral meristem-identity genes has been difficult to assess because flowering time is determined by several interacting genetic pathways. Here we describe a method to regulate expression of the flowering-time gene CONSTANS (CO) and demonstrate that CO expression is sufficient to trigger flowering, irrespective of day length. In response to CO expression, transcription of LFY and TFL is initiated rapidly, whereas transcription of AP1 occurs much later. We propose that CO acts within a genetic pathway that is sufficient to activate LFY and TFL transcription, but that rapid activation of AP1 requires an additional pathway.
Authors:
R Simon; M I Igeño; G Coupland
Related Documents :
19826836 - The effect of exogenous methyl jasmonate on the flowering time, floral organ morphology...
10449576 - Expression of centroradialis (cen) and cen-like genes in tobacco reveals a conserved me...
12566586 - Biosynthesis and emission of terpenoid volatiles from arabidopsis flowers.
19218396 - Nuclear activity of roxy1, a glutaredoxin interacting with tga factors, is required for...
7946596 - Mdm2 gene amplification in human breast cancer.
15923346 - Positive and negative factors confer phase-specific circadian regulation of transcripti...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nature     Volume:  384     ISSN:  0028-0836     ISO Abbreviation:  Nature     Publication Date:  1996 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-10     Completed Date:  1996-12-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410462     Medline TA:  Nature     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  59-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
John Innes Centre, Norwich, UK.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Arabidopsis / drug effects,  genetics*
Dexamethasone / pharmacology
Gene Expression Regulation, Plant*
Meristem / genetics
Models, Biological
Photoperiod
Plants, Genetically Modified
Receptors, Glucocorticoid / genetics
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Receptors, Glucocorticoid; 50-02-2/Dexamethasone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Evidence for life on Earth before 3,800 million years ago.
Next Document:  Initiation of vertebrate left-right axis formation by maternal Vg1.