Document Detail

Activation-deactivation rapid palatal expansion and reverse headgear in Class III cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20457582     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the dentofacial effects of 1 week rapid palatal expansion (RPE) and activation-deactivation (A/D) RPE protocols with reverse headgear (RH). Two groups, each containing 15 subjects, were included in this study. In the RPE group (seven males and eight females, 11.94 ± 1.62 years), Hyrax screws were activated every 12 hours for 1 week. At the end of this period, RPE was stopped and the patients were instructed to wear the RH. In the A/D-RPE group (seven males and eight females, 11.34 ± 1.81 years), the screws were activated every 12 hours for 1 week. Subsequently, the screws were deactivated every 12 hours for 1 week followed by activation and deactivation for the following 2 weeks. After this protocol, the patients were instructed to use the RH. A total force of 700 g was applied to both groups for 16-18 hours/day for the first 3 months, for 12 hours/day for the second 3 months, and for 6 hours/day for the second 6 months. Lateral cephalometric films were taken before treatment (T1) and at the end of the first (T2) and second (T3) 6 months to evaluate the dentofacial changes. Intragroup differences of each landmark at T2-T1, T3-T2, and T3-T1 were analysed with a paired t-test (P < 0.016), and intergroup differences were compared with an independent t-test (P < 0.05). Anterior movement of point A (4.13 mm) for the A/D-RPE group was approximately twice of the RPE group (2.33 mm; P < 0.001). Backward movement of the mandible showed no significant difference between the groups. Anterior face height increases did not demonstrate significant differences between the groups. The pronounced anterior movement of point A demonstrates that the A/D-RPE procedure positively affects maxillary protraction.
Devrim Isci; Tamer Turk; Selma Elekdag-Turk
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-05-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of orthodontics     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1460-2210     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Orthod     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909010     Medline TA:  Eur J Orthod     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  706-15     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Ondokuz Mayıs, Samsun, Turkey.
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