Document Detail


Activation of coagulation during alimentary lipemia under real-life conditions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16730815     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
High intake of saturated fat is a predictor of coronary heart disease mortality. The phenomenon of postprandial angina pectoris has been described many years ago. Although earlier studies have demonstrated postprandial activation of coagulation factors VII and XII, platelets and monocytes, conclusive evidence for intravascular fibrin formation after a fat-rich meal has not been reported yet. The present study included 33 healthy physicians (7 females, 26 males) with a mean age of 42 years (range 27-62 years), and 27 coronary heart disease patients (8 females, 19 males) with a mean age of 63 years (range 47-81 years). Of the coronary heart disease patients, 26/27 were treated with acetylsalicylic acid and 25/27 with lipid-lowering drugs simvastatin or atorvastatin. Blood samples were drawn 30-60 min before and 30-60 min after a dinner consisting of rye bread with liversausage and black pudding as hors d'oeuvre, lettuce with smoked bacon in a lard dressing, stuffed fried goose with red cabbage, potato dumplings and sweet chestnuts, and white and brown mousse au chocolat. Average intake per person was 3760 kcal, with 125.9 g protein, 238.0 g fat and 268.9 g carbohydrate. We measured a significant postprandial increase in fibrinopeptide A (FpA) levels from 1.14+/-1.23 microg/l to 4.18+/-2.86 microg/l (p<0.0001) in healthy probands, and 4.66+/-13.61 microg/l to 12.80+/-15.04 microg/l (p<0.0001) in coronary heart disease patients. Triglycerides increased from 137.6+/-60.5 to 201.5+/-75.0 mg/dl in healthy probands and from 211.9+/-94.6 to 273.6+/-122.5 mg/dl in coronary heart disease patients. Fat-rich meals may cause procoagulant episodes, which may promote vascular complications such as myocardial infarction, transient ischemia attacks in susceptible persons.
Authors:
Elif Elmas; Thorsten Kälsch; Nenad Suvajac; Hans Leweling; Michael Neumaier; Carl-Erik Dempfle; Martin Borggrefe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-05-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  114     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2007 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-27     Completed Date:  2007-01-25     Revised Date:  2007-02-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  172-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
I. Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Mannheim, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, D-68167, Mannheim, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Blood Coagulation*
Coronary Disease / blood*
Dietary Fats* / administration & dosage
Female
Humans
Hyperlipidemias / blood*
Male
Middle Aged
Postprandial Period
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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