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Activation of caspases-9, -3 and -8 in human platelets triggered by BH3-only mimetic ABT-737 and calcium ionophore A23187: caspase-8 is activated via bypass of the death receptors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23025479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Platelet apoptosis and activation have been studied in human platelets treated with BH3-only mimetic ABT-737 and calcium ionophore A23187, agents triggering apoptosis through the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway. Platelet apoptosis was determined as activation of crucial apoptosis-associated caspases, initiator caspase-9 of intrinsic apoptosis pathway, executioner caspase-3 and initiator caspase-8 of extrinsic death receptor pathway, and platelet activation was detected by P-selectin (CD62) exposure on the platelet surface. We found that ABT-737 predominantly induced activation of caspases-9, -3 and -8 rather than CD62 exposure, whereas A23187 induces both caspases activation and CD62 exposure. Caspase-8 activation was stimulated independently of the extrinsic apoptosis pathway via mitochondrial membrane permeabilization and depolarization. These data suggest that (i) caspase-8 activation is triggered in ABT-737- and A23187-treated anucleate platelets through the mitochondria-initiated caspase activation cascade bypassing the death receptors, and (ii) ABT-737-treated platelets are a useful experimental tool for discerning the role of platelet apoptosis in platelet function and survival.
Authors:
Asuman Mutlu; Armen V Gyulkhandanyan; John Freedman; Valery Leytin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of haematology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2141     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Haematol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372544     Medline TA:  Br J Haematol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Division of Transfusion Medicine, Department of Laboratory Medicine, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada.
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