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Activating Transcription Factor 4 Modulates BDNF Release from Microglial Cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24072482     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Pathogenic pain is a common sign of many diseases. The mechanism is unclear. Activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) plays a critical role in cell activation. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important molecule in pathogenic pain. This study aims to investigate the role of ATF4 in inducing BDNF release from microglial cells. In this study, mouse microglial cells were cultured. The levels of BDNF in the culture medium were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Overexpression of ATF4 in microglial cells was performed by gene transfection. The apoptosis of microglial cells was assessed by flow cytometry. The results showed that microglial cells expressed ATF4 and protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR2). BDNF was detectable in the culture medium of microglial cells, which was significantly increased in the ATF4-overexpressing microglial cells. The ATF4-overexpressing microglial cells showed a high frequency of apoptotic cells, which could be inhibited by exposure to the PAR2 agonist tryptase in the culture. The tryptase-treated ATF4-overexpressing microglial cells kept higher secretion of BDNF. We conclude that the activation of ATF4 can increase BDNF release from microglial cells.
Pengling Sun; Xiangnan Li; Chengwen Chen; Qianbo Chen; Qing Ouyang; Fangting Liu; Zhenghua Xiang; Hongbin Yuan
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-9-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of molecular neuroscience : MN     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-1166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Mol. Neurosci.     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9002991     Medline TA:  J Mol Neurosci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Anesthesiology, Neuroscience Research Centre, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200003, China.
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