Document Detail

Action of db-cAMP on the bystander effect and chemosensitivity through connexin 43 and Bcl-2-mediated pathways in medulloblastoma cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22766741     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Medulloblastoma (MB) is one of the most common malignant brain tumors of childhood and is associated with a poor prognosis. Gap-junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) is an important mode for cell-to-cell communication. Dysfunctional GJIC is exhibited in most cancer cells. There is significant evidence that GJIC is important in at least some prodrug/suicide gene systems by augmenting the bystander effect (BE). GJIC is made up of connexins (Cxs), among which Cx43 is present in most tissues. Bcl-2, an important apoptosis blocker, is closely associated with the sensitivity to anticancer drugs. Our study showed that dibutyryl cyclic adenosine monophosphate (db-cAMP) upregulated the Cx43 expression and GJIC function in Daoy medulloblastoma cells. It directly enhanced the BE using a herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV‑tk)/ganciclovir (GCV) system, which was blocked by a Cx43 inhibitor. In addition, db-cAMP increased the cytotoxicity of temozolomide and teniposide, possibly by downregulating the Bcl-2 expression and inducing apoptosis. Taken together, we demonstrated the beneficial effect of db-cAMP in treating medulloblastoma depending on the upregulation of BE and chemosensitivity through Cx43 and Bcl-2-mediated pathways.
Peixin Sun; Yunhui Liu; Haoqiang Ying; Shaoyi Li
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Oncology reports     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1791-2431     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9422756     Medline TA:  Oncol Rep     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Neurosurgery, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, P.R. China.
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