Document Detail

Acquired hydrocephalus associated with superior vena cava syndrome in infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9105737     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We report observations on children with the unusual combination of superior vena cava syndrome in infancy followed by communicating hydrocephalus. Following retrospective review of hospital discharges at a tertiary children's hospital, three children were identified in a 13-year period. Two term infants were treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for pulmonary failure associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. These infants had septic complications of central venous lines. A post-term infant required reconstruction of the superior vena cava following cannulation for cardiac bypass surgery to repair transposition of the great vessels. Thrombosis occurred and was followed by the sequential development of superior vena cava syndrome and communicating hydrocephalus. The findings in these patients suggest that communicating hydrocephalus may be caused by superior vena cava syndrome. This is an unusual complication of therapeutic manipulation of the heart and great veins. Cerebrospinal fluid shunting may be required.
J F McLaughlin; J D Loeser; T S Roberts
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0256-7040     ISO Abbreviation:  Childs Nerv Syst     Publication Date:  1997 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-07-17     Completed Date:  1997-07-17     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503227     Medline TA:  Childs Nerv Syst     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  59-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
Follow-Up Studies
Hernia, Diaphragmatic / congenital,  therapy
Hydrocephalus / etiology*,  radiography,  surgery
Infant, Newborn
Neurologic Examination
Postoperative Complications / etiology
Retrospective Studies
Superior Vena Cava Syndrome / complications*,  radiography,  surgery
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Transposition of Great Vessels / surgery

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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