Document Detail

Acquired dyschromatopsias.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3310294     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Theories of color vision have been founded on behavioral observations of how the human eye distinguishes colors and mixtures of colors. Studies of congenital dyschromatopsias (inherited disorders of color vision) have been important to the development of these theories. Subsequent studies of acquired dyschromatopsias (disorders of color vision caused by disease) were understandably influenced by these concepts. Theories to explain the patterns of color vision impairment found in acquired diseases (for example, preferential hue discrimination defects) have stressed the likelihood of selective damage to specific components of the afferent visual system (photoreceptors, ganglion cells, synaptic elements, axons etc.). More recent evidence suggests, however, that impairment of color vision by diseases of the retina and optic nerve is commonly nonspecific, and not the result of selective impairment of individual neural mechanisms responsible for mediating color vision. Rather, the patterns of acquired dyschromatopsias often appear to be related to a physiologically heterogeneous distribution of color vision in the foveal and perifoveal visual field, coupled with a tendency for the visual field defects caused by acquired diseases to be unevenly distributed in these same areas.
W M Hart
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Survey of ophthalmology     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0039-6257     ISO Abbreviation:  Surv Ophthalmol     Publication Date:    1987 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-10-26     Completed Date:  1987-10-26     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404551     Medline TA:  Surv Ophthalmol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  10-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.
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MeSH Terms
Color Perception Tests
Color Vision Defects / etiology*
Optic Nerve Diseases / complications
Retinal Diseases / complications
Visual Fields
Grant Support

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