Document Detail


Acquired childhood dysarthria: review of its clinical presentation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9436793     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The adult classification of dysarthria correlating with the pathophysiology of the motor systems is usually applied to classify acquired childhood dysarthria. However, the validity of this adult model for children has not been studied systematically. All studies pertaining to analysis of speech features in acquired childhood dysarthria published since 1980 were reviewed. Studies were classified on the basis of neuroradiologic evidence of lesion site and associated motor disorder. This review demonstrates that knowledge of acquired childhood dysarthria is based on a limited number of single case studies, most of which pertain to dysarthria occurring after resection of cerebellar tumor. Definite similarities to adult dysarthria were not evident. Some similarity to acquired childhood dysarthria due to basal ganglia lesions was detected. We conclude that acquired childhood dysarthria requires its own classification.
Authors:
M van Mourik; C E Catsman-Berrevoets; P F Paquier; E Yousef-Bak; H R van Dongen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric neurology     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0887-8994     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Neurol.     Publication Date:  1997 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-02-19     Completed Date:  1998-02-19     Revised Date:  2006-05-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508183     Medline TA:  Pediatr Neurol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  299-307     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurology, University Hospital and Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Basal Ganglia / pathology
Brain Stem / pathology
Cerebellum / pathology
Child
Child, Preschool
Dysarthria / etiology*,  pathology
Humans
Psychomotor Performance / physiology

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