Document Detail


Acoustical cues and grammatical units in speech to two preverbal infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18838016     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The current study examines the syntactic and prosodic characteristics of the maternal speech to two infants between six and ten months. Consistent with previous work, we find infant-directed speech to be characterized by generally short utterances, isolated words and phrases, and large numbers of questions, but longer utterances are also found. Prosodic information provides cues to grammatical units not only at utterance boundaries, but also at utterance-internal clause boundaries. Subject-verb phrase boundaries in questions also show reliable prosodic cues, although those of declaratives do not. Prosodic information may thus play an important role in providing preverbal infants with information about the grammatically relevant word groupings. Furthermore, questions may play an important role in infants' discovery of verb phrases in English.
Authors:
Melanie Soderstrom; Megan Blossom; Rina Foygel; James L Morgan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of child language     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0305-0009     ISO Abbreviation:  J Child Lang     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-07     Completed Date:  2008-12-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425743     Medline TA:  J Child Lang     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  869-902     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Brown University.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child Language*
Child, Preschool
Cues
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Mother-Child Relations
Sibling Relations
Speech Acoustics*
Speech Perception
Verbal Behavior
Verbal Learning*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1R01 HD 32005/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; 5F32 HD 042927/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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