Document Detail


Acoustic wave propagation in high-pressure system.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16797665     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Recently, substantial attention is paid to the development of methods of generation of pulsations in high-pressure systems to produce pulsating high-speed water jets. The reason is that the introduction of pulsations into the water jets enables to increase their cutting efficiency due to the fact that the impact pressure (so-called water-hammer pressure) generated by an impact of slug of water on the target material is considerably higher than the stagnation pressure generated by corresponding continuous jet. Special method of pulsating jet generation was developed and tested extensively under the laboratory conditions at the Institute of Geonics in Ostrava. The method is based on the action of acoustic transducer on the pressure liquid and transmission of generated acoustic waves via pressure system to the nozzle. The purpose of the paper is to present results obtained during the research oriented at the determination of acoustic wave propagation in high-pressure system. The final objective of the research is to solve the problem of transmission of acoustic waves through high-pressure water to generate pulsating jet effectively even at larger distances from the acoustic source. In order to be able to simulate numerically acoustic wave propagation in the system, it is necessary among others to determine dependence of the sound speed and second kinematical viscosity on operating pressure. Method of determination of the second kinematical viscosity and speed of sound in liquid using modal analysis of response of the tube filled with liquid to the impact was developed. The response was measured by pressure sensors placed at both ends of the tube. Results obtained and presented in the paper indicate good agreement between experimental data and values of speed of sound calculated from so-called "UNESCO equation". They also show that the value of the second kinematical viscosity of water depends on the pressure.
Authors:
Josef Foldyna; Libor Sitek; Vladimír Habán
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2006-06-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultrasonics     Volume:  44 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1874-9968     ISO Abbreviation:  Ultrasonics     Publication Date:  2006 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-01     Completed Date:  2007-04-19     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0050452     Medline TA:  Ultrasonics     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e1457-60     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Institute of Geonics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Studentská 1768, 708 00 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic.
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