Document Detail


Acoustic Cues to Perception of Word Stress by English, Mandarin and Russian Speakers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24686836     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE This study investigated how listeners' native language affects their weighting of acoustic cues (such as vowel quality, pitch, duration, and intensity) in the perception of contrastive word stress. METHODS Native speakers of typologically diverse languages (English, Russian, and Mandarin), N=45, performed a stress identification task on nonce disyllabic words with fully crossed combinations of each of the four cues in both syllables. RESULTS The results revealed that while the vowel quality cue was the strongest cue for all groups of listeners, pitch was the second strongest cue for the English and the Mandarin listeners, but was virtually disregarded by the Russian listeners. Duration and intensity cues were utilized by the Russian listeners to a significantly greater extent compared to the English and Mandarin participants. Compared to when cues were non-contrastive across syllables, cues were stronger when they were in the iambic contour than when they were in the trochaic contour. CONCLUSIONS While both English and Russian are stress languages and Mandarin is a tonal language, stress perception performance of the Mandarin listeners, but not of the Russian listeners, is more similar to that of the native English listeners, both in terms of weighting of the acoustic cues and the cues' relative strength in different word positions. The findings suggest that tuning of L2 prosodic perceptions are not entirely predictable by prosodic similarities across languages.
Authors:
Anna Chrabaszcz; Matthew Winn; Candise Y Lin; William J Idsardi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1558-9102     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Speech Lang. Hear. Res.     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705610     Medline TA:  J Speech Lang Hear Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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