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Acidic pH weakens the microhardness and microstructure of three tricalcium silicate materials.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24871586     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To investigate the microhardness and microstructural features of three tricalcium silicate materials: mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), Endosequence Root Repair Material Putty (ERRM Putty) and Endosequence Root Repair Material Paste (ERRM Paste), after exposure to a range of acidic environments in comparison with intermediate restorative material (IRM).
METHODOLOGY: ERRM Putty (Brasseler, Savannah, GA, USA), ERRM Paste (Brasseler, Savannah, GA, USA), MTA (ProRoot; Dentsply Tulsa Dental, Johnson City, TN, USA) and IRM (Dentsply Caulk, Milford, DE, USA) were set in cylindrical rubber moulds as four groups containing twenty specimens each. Fifteen specimens per each material were randomly distributed into three groups (n=5) to be exposed to butyric acid buffered at three different pH levels (5.4, 6.4 and 7.4) for 7 days. The remaining five specimens were exposed to distilled water as a control group. The surface microhardness after exposure either to acid or water was measured after a 7-day setting at 37°C. The morphology of the internal microstructure was observed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Two-way Univariate Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was applied to evaluate the Vickers microhardness value (VHN).
RESULTS: The microhardness values of the materials were significantly higher in the neutral environment of butyric acid at pH 7.4 compared to those in the acidic condition of pH 5.4 for all groups (p < 0.001). MTA, ERRM Putty and ERRM Paste showed higher microhardness values than IRM at all pH levels (p < 0.001). Specimens exposed to distilled water displayed significantly higher microhardness values than those values obtained in the presence of butyric acid buffered to all pH levels (p < 0.001). More porous microstructure was observed with exposure to butyric acid at pH 5.4 than at pH 7.4. Different types of crystalline structures were formed by recrystallization, especially at pH 7.4 in all groups except for IRM.
CONCLUSIONS: The microhardness values of ERRM Putty, ERRM Paste and MTA were reduced in an acidic environment, which resulted in these materials having more porous and less crystalline microstructures. MTA seems the most suitable material for application to an area of inflammation where a low pH value may exist. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Authors:
Z Wang; J Ma; Y Shen; M Haapasalo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  International endodontic journal     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2591     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Endod J     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8004996     Medline TA:  Int Endod J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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