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Acid etching of human enamel in clinical applications: A systematic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24529655     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The laboratory-based enamel acid-etching doctrine with 30% to 50% phosphoric acid for 60 seconds to generate the maximum amount of Type 1 and/or Type 2 etch pattern has been established for more than 30 years. However, this recommendation may not be clinically relevant.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to compare clinically accepted protocols of enamel acid etching with the laboratory protocol.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Studies were identified by searching 4 electronic databases: Medline, CINAHL Plus, Embase, and Cochrane Library. The final search was run on November 8, 2012. All clinical studies published in English that investigated enamel acid pretreatment methods on human permanent teeth were included. Additional publications were obtained from the reference lists of the included studies. The clinical evidence of all included studies was tabulated.
RESULTS: Initially, 4543 publications were retrieved from the databases. A total of 4508 articles were excluded, including 2285 duplicates, 1805 publications according to exclusion criteria by their titles and abstracts, 368 laboratory articles, 49 reviews, and 1 pilot study. Only 1 study was added from reference lists of the included studies. Finally, 36 clinical publications were included. The included clinical studies provided different levels of clinical evidence on the efficacy of acid-etching protocols to enable successful enamel adhesion.
CONCLUSIONS: Clinical protocols of enamel acid etching differ from the laboratory-generated doctrine, which may imply that maximization of the Type 1 and/or Type 2 etch pattern is not important in the clinical acid etching of human enamel.
Authors:
Jia Jun Zhu; Alexander T H Tang; Jukka P Matinlinna; Urban Hägg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of prosthetic dentistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6841     ISO Abbreviation:  J Prosthet Dent     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-2-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376364     Medline TA:  J Prosthet Dent     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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