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Acid-base balance during social interactions in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22387449     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Socially subordinate rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) experience chronic stress that impacts upon a variety of physiological functions, including Na(+) regulation. Owing to the tight coupling between Na(+) and Cl(-) uptake and, respectively, H(+) and HCO(3)(-) loss at the gill, ionoregulatory changes associated with social status may affect acid-base regulation. The present study assessed the responses of dominant, subordinate and control trout to hypercapnia (1% CO(2)) to test this hypothesis. Social status appeared to impact net acid excretion (J(net)H(+)) as subordinate individuals failed to increase net acid flux in response to hypercapnia. However, blood acid-base status was found to be unaffected by social status before or during hypercapnic exposure, indicating that subordinate fish were as effective as dominant or control trout in achieving compensation for the acid-base disturbance induced by hypercapnic exposure. Compensation in all groups involved decreasing Cl(-) uptake in response to hypercapnia. The branchial activities of both Na(+),K(+)-ATPase (NKA) and V-type H(+)-ATPase were affected by social interactions and/or exposure to hypercapnia. Branchial NKA activity was higher but V-ATPase activity was lower in control fish than in dominant or subordinate trout. In addition, control and subordinate but not dominant trout exposed to 24h of hypercapnia exhibited significantly higher branchial V-ATPase activity than fish maintained in normocapnia. Collectively, the data suggest that subordinate trout are able to regulate blood pH during a respiratory acidosis.
Authors:
B Mussa; K M Gilmour
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1531-4332     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806096     Medline TA:  Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.
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