Document Detail


Acid-Sensing Channels in Human Bladder: Expression, Function and Alterations During Bladder Pain Syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21855903     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: We examined the possible role of H(+) activated acid-sensing ion channels in pain perception. We characterized expression in bladder dome biopsies from patients with bladder pain syndrome and controls, in cultured human urothelium and in urothelial TEU-2 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cold cut biopsies from the bladder dome were obtained in 8 asymptomatic controls and 28 patients with bladder pain syndrome symptoms. Acid-sensing ion channel expression was analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence. Channel function was measured by electrophysiology. RESULTS: Acid-sensing ion channel 1a, 2a and 3 mRNA was detected in the human bladder. Similar amounts of acid-sensing ion channel 1a and 3 were detected in detrusor smooth muscle while in urothelium acid-sensing ion channel 3 levels were higher than levels of acid-sensing ion channel 1a. Acid-sensing ion channel 2a mRNA levels were lower than acid-sensing ion channel 1a and 3 levels in each layer. Acid-sensing ion channel currents were measured in TEU-2 cells and in primary cultures of human urothelium. Activated acid-sensing ion channel expression was confirmed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. TEU-2 cell differentiation caused acid-sensing ion channel 2a and 3 mRNA up-regulation, and acid-sensing ion channel 1a mRNA down-regulation. Patients with bladder pain syndrome showed up-regulation of acid-sensing ion channel 2a and 3 mRNA but acid-sensing ion channel 1a remained unchanged. In contrast, transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 mRNA was down-regulated during bladder pain syndrome. All differences were statistically significant (p <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Several acid-sensing ion channel subunits are expressed in human bladder and TEU-2 cells, in which levels are regulated during urothelial differentiation. Up-regulation of acid-sensing ion channel 2a and 3 in patients with bladder pain syndrome suggests involvement in increased pain and hyperalgesia. Down-regulation of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 mRNA might indicate that a different regulatory mechanism controls its expression in the human bladder.
Authors:
Verónica Sánchez-Freire; Maxime G Blanchard; Fiona C Burkhard; Thomas M Kessler; Stephan Kellenberger; Katia Monastyrskaya
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of urology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1527-3792     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376374     Medline TA:  J Urol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Cell Biology, Institute of Anatomy, University of Bern.
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