Document Detail

Achieving ileostomy continence with a prestomal ileal pouch and a stomal occlusive device.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6857514     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To determine whether an artificial, indwelling, stomal occluding device could provide reliable continence for persons with an ileostomy and a prestomal ileal pouch, the device was tested first in four dogs and then in humans. After initial assessment of pouch volume and pressure-volume relationships in the dogs, the animals underwent progressively longer periods of stomal occlusion with the artificial device, such that 4 weeks later, they were tolerating occlusion for periods of 8 hours. The device achieved complete continence for gas and stool without discomfort in every dog. The pouch capacity rapidly increased, so that infusion of 500 ml of water at 4 weeks elicited less than a 10 cm H2O increase in intrapouch pressure. These encouraging canine results prompted use of this approach in a 55-year-old obese man undergoing proctocolectomy for chronic ulcerative colitis. The device achieved continence in the patient for 4- to 6-hour periods by 2 months after operation without discomfort or adverse sequelae. We concluded that the artificial device rapidly increased pouch capacity and effectively maintained leakproof fecal continence in dogs and humans with an ileostomy and a prestomal ileal pouch.
J H Pemberton; K A Kelly; R W Beart
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgery     Volume:  94     ISSN:  0039-6060     ISO Abbreviation:  Surgery     Publication Date:  1983 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-07-29     Completed Date:  1983-07-29     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417347     Medline TA:  Surgery     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  72-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Chronic Disease
Colitis, Ulcerative / surgery
Fecal Incontinence / prevention & control*
Ileostomy / adverse effects,  methods*
Ileum / surgery*
Middle Aged
Prostheses and Implants*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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