Document Detail

Achieving the salt intake target of 6 g/day in the current food supply in free-living adults using two dietary education strategies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20430138     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
There are national targets for salt intake of 6 g salt/day in Australia and the United States. Despite this, there is limited knowledge about the effectiveness of dietary education in reducing salt intake to this level. The objective of this study was to investigate whether dietary education enabled a reduction in salt consumption. In an 8-week parallel study, 49 healthy free-living adults were recruited from the Adelaide community by newspaper advertisement. In a randomized parallel design, participants received dietary education to choose foods identified by either Australia's National Heart Foundation Tick symbol or by the Food Standards Australia and New Zealand's low-salt guideline of 120 mg sodium/100 g food. Sodium excretion was assessed by 24-hour urinary sodium collections at baseline and weeks 4 and 8. Participants' experiences of following the education strategies were recorded by self-administered questionnaire. These data were collected between August and October 2008. Forty-three participants completed the study. After 8 weeks, urinary sodium excretion decreased from 121+/-50 to 106+/-47 mmol/24 hours (7.3+/-3.0 to 6.4+/-2.8 g salt/24 hours) in the Tick group and from 132+/-44 to 98+/-50 mmol/24 hours (7.9+/-2.6 to 6.0+/-3.0 g salt/24 hours) in the Food Standards Australia New Zealand group (P<0.05, with no between-group difference). Barriers to salt reduction were limited variety and food choice, difficulty when eating out, and increased time associated with identifying foods. In conclusion, dietary sodium reduction is possible among free-living individuals who received dietary advice.
Dani-Maree Ireland; Peter M Clifton; Jennifer B Keogh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  110     ISSN:  1878-3570     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-30     Completed Date:  2010-05-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  763-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 American Dietetic Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Craigieburn Health Service, Melbourne, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Diet, Sodium-Restricted
Food Analysis
Food Supply
Health Behavior
Health Education / methods*
Hypertension / prevention & control
Mental Recall
Middle Aged
Nutrition Policy*
Nutritional Sciences / education*
Sodium / urine*
Sodium Chloride, Dietary / administration & dosage*,  adverse effects,  urine
Sodium, Dietary / administration & dosage,  adverse effects
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium Chloride, Dietary; 0/Sodium, Dietary; 7440-23-5/Sodium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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