Document Detail


Accuracy of signs of clinical chorioamnionitis in the term parturient.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23154669     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective:Uniform histopathologic guidelines were applied to diagnose chorioamnionitis and estimate the accuracy of clinical signs in term parturients.Study Design:A retrospective cohort study utilized slides from term parturient placentas with Amniotic Fluid Infection Nosology Committee guidelines as the gold standard. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for fever, maternal tachycardia and fetal tachycardia were calculated.Result:Of 641 placentas, 367 (57.3%) had histologic chorioamnionitis and 274 (42.7%) were negative. Fever had a sensitivity of 42%, specificity of 86.5% and accuracy of 61%. Fever, maternal tachycardia and fetal tachycardia had a sensitivity of 18.3%, specificity of 98.2% and accuracy of 52.4%.Conclusion:Histologic chorioamnionitis, frequently asymptomatic, is a common finding in placentas examined from term parturients. Clinical signs are not accurate in the diagnosis. Adoption of uniform pathologic guidelines will facilitate research into the clinical significance of these lesions in the future.Journal of Perinatology advance online publication, 15 November 2012; doi:10.1038/jp.2012.135.
Authors:
W M Curtin; P J Katzman; H Florescue; L A Metlay
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-5543     ISO Abbreviation:  J Perinatol     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501884     Medline TA:  J Perinatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1] Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA [2] Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Pathology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA.
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