Document Detail


Accuracy and safety of high pitch computed tomography imaging in young children with complex congenital heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21539949     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Multidetector computed tomographic angiography defines anatomy in complex congenital heart disease, but radiation exposure and general anesthesia requirements limit its application. The aim of this study was to compare radiation exposure, anesthesia use, and diagnostic accuracy between standard-pitch, single-source computed tomography and high-pitch, dual-source computed tomography for image quality and risk in a clinical pediatric population. Consecutive computed tomographic scans were evaluated in patients aged <2 years with complex congenital heart disease. Two groups were compared on the basis of standard- versus high-pitch scans. High-pitch scans were further divided into variable pitch (2.25 to 3.0) and highest pitch (3.4) groups. Image quality, radiation exposure, anesthesia use, and diagnostic confidence and accuracy were determined. Sixty-one scans were reviewed (29 at standard pitch, 32 at high pitch). Body surface area, scan length, and indications were similar. The median dose-length product for standard-pitch scans was 66 mGy · cm (range 29 to 372) compared to 7 mGy · cm (range 3 to 50) in all high-pitch scans. The median dose-length product was 28 mGy · cm (range 8 to 50) for variable high-pitch scans and 5 mGy · cm (range 3 to 12) for the highest fixed-pitch scans. Diagnostic confidence was similar, although high-pitch scans had higher image noise and lower contrast-to-noise ratios. All high-pitch scans were performed under sedation with free breathing, and all standard-pitch scans required general anesthesia. Diagnostic accuracy was 100% in the 2 groups, with 17 standard-pitch and 16 high-pitch patients undergoing procedural validation. In conclusion, high-pitch, dual-source computed tomography provides excellent diagnostic accuracy and markedly reduces radiation dose, although image quality is mildly reduced.
Authors:
B Kelly Han; Jana Lindberg; Katharine Grant; Robert S Schwartz; John R Lesser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  107     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1541-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Children's Heart Clinic and Children's Hospital of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota; Minneapolis Heart Institute and Foundation, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
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