Document Detail

Accuracy of preoperative endorectal MRI in predicting extracapsular extension and influence on neurovascular bundle sparing in radical prostatectomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22249342     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of presurgical endorectal MRI (eMRI) for local staging before radical prostatectomy (RP) and its influence on neurovascular bundle (NVB) resection during radical prostatectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 385 patients with histologically proven prostate cancer (PCa) have been included in this retrospective study between 2004 and 2008. All patients underwent preoperative eMRI at 1.5 T before open RP. Staging results by eMRI were compared with the histopathological findings. The presence of positive surgical margins and extent of nerve-sparing procedure were evaluated. Subgroup analysis of low-risk group and intermediate to high-risk group based on D'Amico criteria was conducted. RESULTS: In 294 (76.4%) patients, pathological stage was correctly predicted, 69 patients (17.9%) were understaged and 22 (5.7%) overstaged. Overall sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive value for predicting extracapsular extension (ECE) were 41.5, 91.8, 78.0 and 69.0%, respectively. One hundred and fifty-two (48.4%) of the patients classified as stage cT2 by eMRI underwent bilateral NVB sparing, whereas 14 (19.7%) patients with reported ECE underwent bilateral NVB sparing (P < 0.01). Overall positive surgical margin rate was 14.8%. Sensitivity of predicting ECE and positive predictive value were lower in the low-risk group than in the intermediate and high-risk group. CONCLUSIONS: eMRI is effective in predicting extracapsular extension in an intermediate to high-risk group. Preoperative eMRI in patients with low-risk criteria is not recommended as a routine assessment modality. eMRI findings did appear to influence surgical strategy as patients with imaging findings suggesting >cT2 disease were less likely to undergo NVB sparing.
Matthias C Roethke; Matthias P Lichy; Michaela Kniess; Matthias K Werner; Claus D Claussen; Arnulf Stenzl; Heinz-Peter Schlemmer; David Schilling
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of urology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-8726     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8307716     Medline TA:  World J Urol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Radiology, Comprehensive Cancer Center (CCC) Tübingen, Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.
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