Document Detail


Accuracy and precision of the ultrasound cardiac output monitor (USCOM 1A) in pregnancy: comparison with three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25005720     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Cardiac output (CO) monitoring is helpful in the assessment of critically ill pregnant women, but invasive monitors are often unsuitable for use. We aimed to measure agreement between the non-invasive ultrasound cardiac output monitor (USCOM) and three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3D-TTE) in pregnant women.
METHODS: Healthy pregnant women from 25 weeks gestation onwards participated. In the left lateral position at rest, CO was measured with the USCOM and 3D-TTE. A single operator performed all USCOM measurements, with a different operator performing all echocardiography. Both were blinded to results from the other device. Each USCOM trace was analysed using two modes: flowtrace (FT) and touchpoint (TP). A second, blinded USCOM reading was taken to assess reproducibility.
RESULTS: USCOM readings were obtained in 92, and 3D-TTE images in 85 participants. The mean CO was 5.7, 7.7, and 6.2 litre min(-1) measured by 3D-TTE, USCOM FT, and USCOM TP, respectively. USCOM bias was +2.0 litre min(-1) (FT) and +0.4 litre min(-1) (TP). Limits of agreement were -0.2 to +4.2 litre min(-1) (FT) and -1.4 to +2.3 litre min(-1) (TP). The mean percentage difference was 32.6% (FT) and 31.4% (TP) for CO and 27.0% (FT) and 27.5% (TP) for stroke volume. Intraclass correlation between repeated USCOM readings was 0.9 (FT) and 0.86 (TP).
CONCLUSIONS: USCOM has acceptable agreement with 3D-TTE for the measurement of CO in pregnancy. The positive bias of the USCOM, particularly in the FT mode, may be due to the hyperdynamic cardiovascular state in pregnancy. We suggest using the TP mode in this patient population.
Authors:
H McNamara; P Barclay; V Sharma
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of anaesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1471-6771     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Anaesth     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372541     Medline TA:  Br J Anaesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Journal of Anaesthesia. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.
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