Document Detail

Accuracy of MRI to identify the coronary artery plaque: a comparative study with intravascular ultrasound.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21989946     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability of black-blood coronary arterial wall MRI to identify the coronary artery plaque, using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) as the golden standard.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen consecutive patients underwent IVUS and coronary artery wall MRI. Cross-sectional images were acquired on the lesion of coronary artery from the ostium to the middle segment continuously. The vessel cross-sectional area (CSA), luminal CSA, plaque burden, contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were measured in each slice which was then compared with the IVUS images.
RESULTS: Sixteen of 19 patients completed coronary artery MRA and wall imaging. 41 of 67 slices were found plaques on both IVUS and MRI; The maximal wall thickness, plaque burden, SNR, CNR in the coronary wall containing plaque were greater compared with the normal coronary wall (1.70 ± 0.51 versus 1.24 ± 0.24; 0.71 ± 0.13 versus 0.59 ± 0.12; 1.86 ± 0.41 versus 1.47 ± 0.23; 5.10 ± 2.21 versus 2.99 ± 1.17; respectively, P < 0.05). The matched MRI and IVUS showed good correlation for vessel CSA (16.77 ± 10.67 versus 16.97 ± 8.36; r = 0.79; P < 0.01), luminal CSA (5.18 ± 5.01 versus 7.13 ± 5.14; r = 0.88; P < 0.01), plaque burden (0.71 ± 0.13 versus 0.59 ± 0.15; r = 0.67; P < 0.01). in segments containing plaques, especially the luminal CSA were strongly correlated.
CONCLUSION: MRI coronary artery wall imaging can identify coronary plaque in the proximal segments. It also has the potential to assess coronary artery size.
Yi He; Zhaoqi Zhang; Qinyi Dai; Yujie Zhou; Ya Yang; Wei Yu; Jing An; Lixin Jin; Renate Jerecic; Chun Yuan; Debiao Li
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-10-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1522-2586     ISO Abbreviation:  J Magn Reson Imaging     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-22     Completed Date:  2012-04-17     Revised Date:  2014-08-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9105850     Medline TA:  J Magn Reson Imaging     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  72-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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MeSH Terms
Atherosclerosis / diagnosis*,  pathology,  ultrasonography
Coronary Angiography / methods
Coronary Artery Disease / diagnosis,  pathology,  ultrasonography
Coronary Vessels / pathology*,  ultrasonography*
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
Middle Aged
Reproducibility of Results
Ultrasonography, Interventional / methods*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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