Document Detail

Accuracy of Cardiac Auscultation in Asymptomatic Neonates with Heart Murmurs: Comparison Between Pediatric Trainees and Neonatologists.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21327893     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The aim of this study was to assess whether cardiac auscultation performed by pediatric trainees and neonatologists can reliably distinguish innocent from pathologic heart murmurs in asymptomatic neonates. From January 2008 to April 2009 the pediatric trainees of our institution were requested to refer all asymptomatic neonates with a murmur and classify the murmurs as "innocent," "pathologic," or "possibly pathologic." Prior to echocardiography, each neonate was evaluated by two experienced neonatologists. The echocardiographic studies of 169 neonates were analyzed. Abnormal cardiac anatomy was found in 55 neonates (32.6%). The overall ability of pediatric trainees in identifying congenital heart disease (CHD) was moderate [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.855] and significantly lower compared to neonatologists (AUC = 0.919, p = 0.007). However, at "lower" levels of clinical confidence (i.e., clinical diagnosis of possibly pathologic murmurs), pediatric trainees had good ability in excluding CHD (sensitivity 94.6%; negative likelihood ratio = 0.09). The ability of cardiac auscultation for diagnosing CHD in asymptomatic neonates is limited and dependent on the physician's experience and level of clinical confidence. Echocardiography should remain an option for all neonates with a possibly pathologic murmur.
Karatza A Ageliki; Fouzas Sotirios; Tzifas Sotirios; Mermiga Alexandra; Dimitriou Gabriel; Mantagos Stefanos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1971     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003849     Medline TA:  Pediatr Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of Patras, Patras, Greece.
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