Document Detail

Accumulation of physical activity reduces blood pressure in pre- and hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16118571     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The effectiveness of lifestyle physical activity to reduce BP in prehypertension/hypertension is unclear. The purpose of this study was: 1) to investigate the magnitude and duration of ambulatory BP (AmBP) reduction after the accumulation of one day of lifestyle physical activity (PAaccum) in normotension, prehypertension, and hypertension; and 2) to determine the relationship between energy expenditure (EE) and BP reduction. METHODS: Subjects were eight normotensive (112.3/73.1 +/- 1.6/1.9 mm Hg), 10 prehypertensive (124.3/79.3 +/- 1.2/1.6 mm Hg), and 10 hypertensive (139.7/83.3 +/- 3.7/3.7 mm Hg) adults. EE was analyzed during the PA and corresponding control (C) treatment; AmBP was analyzed for 12 h after the PAaccum and corresponding C. EE of the PA (EEPA) was calculated as the total EE for the duration of the PA. Steps to analyze and compare the BP reduction after PAaccum were: 1) determination of the duration of the BP reduction (95% CI), 2) determination of the magnitude of the BP reduction (paired t-tests of C vs PA), 3) determination of the area of the BP reduction, and 4) comparison of the areas (independent t-test) between prehypertension and hypertension. Correlation between EE(PA-C) and BP reduction was examined RESULTS: No BP differences were found for normotension or for DBP in any group. Significant difference in SBP after the PAaccum were found for prehypertensives (magnitude; area = 6.6 +/- 2.3 mm Hg; 21.7 +/- 15.2 mm Hg x h(-1)) for 6 h and for hypertensives (12.9 +/- 4.3 mm Hg; 123.4 + 42.8 mm Hg x h(-1)) for 8 h; area was significantly different between groups. No correlation was found between EE(PA-C) and BP reduction. CONCLUSION: The PAaccum reduces SBP in hypertension and prehypertension but does not appear to be related to the EE(PA-C). PAaccum can be utilized as an approach to treat prehypertension and hypertension.
Jaume Padilla; Janet P Wallace; Saejong Park
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-24     Completed Date:  2005-11-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1264-75     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Clinical Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure*
Energy Metabolism
Hypertension / physiopathology*
Middle Aged
Motor Activity*
United States

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