Document Detail


Accumulation of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin equivalents by double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus, Pelicaniformes) chicks in the North American Great Lakes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7516285     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlordibenzo-p-dioxin equivalents (TCDD-EQ) were determined in eggs and chicks of double-crested cormorants (DCC) which were collected in 1989 from eight locations in the Laurentian Great Lakes. The mean biomagnification factor (BMF) from forage fish to eggs was found to be 31.3. Absolute and relative concentrations as well as rates of accumulation of total concentrations of PCBs and TCDD-EQ were measurable in all of the samples. The concentrations of both PCBs and TCDD-EQs decreased immediately upon hatching of chicks, due to growth dilution. Initial decreases in absolute masses of TCDD-EQ in chicks were also observed, which indicates that there can be significant elimination of these compounds during early development. The initial rates of accumulation by chicks were dependent only on the mass of fish consumed. After the chicks began thermoregulating, the rates of accumulation, expressed as a concentration, normalized to body weight, became greater. Rates of accumulation of both PCBs and TCDD-EQ were correlated with their respective concentrations in forage fish consumed by the chicks. The relative potency, expressed as the ratio of the concentration of TCDD-EQ to that of total PCBs was calculated to determine if there was significant trophic-level enrichment of the TCDD-EQs, relative to total concentrations of PCBs. A significant enrichment was observed at the more and less contaminated locations, but the degree of enrichment was greater at the less contaminated locations (26 vs 72 micrograms/g).
Authors:
P D Jones; J P Giesy; J L Newsted; D A Verbrugge; J P Ludwig; M E Ludwig; H J Auman; R Crawford; D E Tillitt; T J Kubiak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ecotoxicology and environmental safety     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0147-6513     ISO Abbreviation:  Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf.     Publication Date:  1994 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-07-21     Completed Date:  1994-07-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805381     Medline TA:  Ecotoxicol Environ Saf     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  192-209     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824-1222.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Birds / growth & development,  metabolism*
Eggs / analysis
Fishes
Food Contamination
Great Lakes Region
Polychlorinated Biphenyls / pharmacokinetics
Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin / pharmacokinetics*
Water Pollutants, Chemical / pharmacokinetics*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Polychlorinated Biphenyls; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical; 1746-01-6/Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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