Document Detail


Acculturation, physical activity, and fast-food consumption among Asian-American and Hispanic adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15587346     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Previous studies have implicated acculturation to the US as a risk factor for unhealthy behaviors among Hispanic and Asian-American adolescents, including substance use, violence, and unsafe sex. This study examined the association between acculturation and obesity-related behaviors-physical activity and fast-food consumption-among 619 Asian-American and 1385 Hispanic adolescents in Southern California. Respondents completed surveys in 6th and 7th grade. The 6th grade survey assessed acculturation with the AHIMSA acculturation scale and a measure of English language usage. The 7th grade survey assessed frequency of moderate-to-intense physical activity and frequency of eating fast-food. Multiple regression analyses included acculturation and demographic covariates as predictors of physical activity and fast-food consumption. Acculturation to the US, assessed in 6th grade, was significantly associated with a lower frequency of physical activity participation and a higher frequency of fast-food consumption in 7th grade. The significant associations persisted after controlling for covariates and were consistent across gender and ethnic groups. Results suggest that acculturation to the US is a risk factor for obesity-related behaviors among Asian-American and Hispanic adolescents. Health promotion programs are needed to encourage physical activity and healthy diets among adolescents in acculturating families.
Authors:
Jennifer B Unger; Kim Reynolds; Sohaila Shakib; Donna Spruijt-Metz; Ping Sun; C Anderson Johnson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of community health     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0094-5145     ISO Abbreviation:  J Community Health     Publication Date:  2004 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-12-10     Completed Date:  2005-02-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600747     Medline TA:  J Community Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  467-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Alhambra, CA 91803, USA. unger@usc.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acculturation*
Adolescent
Asian Americans / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
California / epidemiology
Child
Female
Food Habits / ethnology*
Health Surveys
Hispanic Americans / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Humans
Male
Motor Activity
Obesity / ethnology,  prevention & control
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban Population
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1 P50 CA84735-01/CA/NCI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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