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Acculturation and Maternal Health Behaviors: Findings from the Massachusetts Birth Certificate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24951043     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Although prior studies have shown disparities in maternal health behaviors according to race/ethnicity and acculturation, whether these patterns are evident among new immigrant populations remains unclear.
PURPOSE: To examine the associations among proxies of acculturation and maternal smoking during pregnancy and breastfeeding initiation within each major ethnic group in Massachusetts.
METHODS: Data were from the Standard Certificate of Live Births on 1,067,375 babies by mothers from 31 ethnic groups for 1996-2009. Mothers reported whether they smoked during pregnancy and the birth facility recorded whether mothers started breastfeeding. The acculturation proxy combined mothers' country of birth and language preference: U.S.-born, foreign-born English-speaking, and foreign-born non-English speaking. For each ethnic group, adjusted logistic regression models were used to examine associations between the acculturation proxy and whether mothers smoked or initiated breastfeeding. Data were analyzed from 2012 to 2013.
RESULTS: A lower proportion of foreign-born mothers had a high school degree or private insurance than U.S.-born mothers. However, foreign-born mothers who were English (range of AORs=0.07-0.93) or non-English speakers (AORs=0.01-0.36) were less likely to smoke during pregnancy than their U.S.-born counterparts. Foreign-born mothers who were English (AORs=1.22-6.52) or non-English speakers (AORs=1.35-10.12) were also more likely to initiate breastfeeding compared to U.S.-born mothers, except for some mothers with Asian ethnicities.
CONCLUSIONS: The consistency of the associations of being foreign-born with less smoking and more breastfeeding suggests that for the majority of ethnic groups studied, acculturation in the U.S. results in poorer maternal health behaviors.
Authors:
Summer Sherburne Hawkins; Matthew W Gillman; Emily F Shafer; Bruce B Cohen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of preventive medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2607     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Prev Med     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8704773     Medline TA:  Am J Prev Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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