Document Detail

Accessing the food systems in urban and rural Minnesotan communities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22078772     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Explore how urban and rural Minnesotans access the food system and to investigate whether community infrastructure supports a healthful food system.
DESIGN: Eight (4 urban and 4 rural) focus groups were conducted.
SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Eight counties with urban influence codes of 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, and 10. Fifty-nine (urban, n = 27; rural, n = 32) adults. The sample was of mixed race and had a range of incomes. Almost half of the sample was obese.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Food systems access and the role of community infrastructure, civic engagement, and reciprocal relationships in food provisioning in counties with different urban influence codes.
ANALYSES: Themes and subthemes were identified through emerging concepts.
RESULTS: Food access varied based on rurality and community infrastructure. Three themes emerged: community infrastructure around the conventional food system and food provisioning, alternative food resources, and perceptions of the effect food and of the influence diet and exercise have on health.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Civic engagement and community infrastructure affected food access. Rural residents rely more on retail grocery stores, gardening, hunting, and informal food exchange systems, whereas urban residents rely more on the retail grocery stores and food safety net systems. Hunting and gardening may contribute valuable nutrients to the diet.
Chery Smith; Hannah Miller
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutrition education and behavior     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1878-2620     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Publication Date:    2011 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-14     Completed Date:  2012-01-26     Revised Date:  2013-01-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101132622     Medline TA:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  492-504     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108-6099, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Food Habits
Food Supply / statistics & numerical data*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Middle Aged
Rural Population
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban Population

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