Document Detail

Acceptance of the xylitol chewing gum regimen by preschool children and teachers in a Head Start program: a pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11242737     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: This pilot study evaluated the acceptance and compliance of a xylitol chewing gum regimen by both children and classroom teachers in a Head Start program. METHODS: Thirty-five children chewed 100% xylitol gum (XyliFresh 100%, Leaf, Inc., 500 Field Dr., Lake Forest, IL 60045 U.S.A.) three times a day over a three week period. Children's acceptance was evaluated using a picture selection test. Teachers' acceptance was evaluated using a questionnaire. The children's and teachers' compliance was evaluated using a daily checklist that was completed by each teacher. RESULTS: Positive ratings were given for xylitol gum chewing (94%) and for taste (86%). Children's acceptance and compliance for chewing was excellent. Children chewed the gum at designated times and none of the children swallowed the gum. Teachers' acceptance of the chewing program was low. Three out of five participating teachers thought the gum chewing disturbed the classroom routine and four were not willing to participate in the program next year. Teachers' compliance was good and they followed by instructions during a three-week period. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports the suggestion that chewing xylitol gum is well accepted by children. Collaboration and education is essential to motivate teachers to adopt and supervise school-based prevention programs.
J T Autio; F J Courts
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric dentistry     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0164-1263     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Dent     Publication Date:    2001 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-12     Completed Date:  2001-05-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909102     Medline TA:  Pediatr Dent     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  71-4     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Operative Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Attitude to Health
Chewing Gum*
Child Behavior*
Child, Preschool
Cooperative Behavior
Dental Caries / prevention & control
Early Intervention (Education)*
Pilot Projects
School Dentistry
Sweetening Agents*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chewing Gum; 0/Sweetening Agents; 87-99-0/Xylitol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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