Document Detail

Acceptability of voluntary counselling and testing among medical students in Jos, Nigeria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20601786     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Various preventive strategies have been employed to curb the spread of HIV infection as there is presently no cure. Abstinence, avoidance of multiple sexual partners, condom use, voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) and treatment of HIV-infected individuals form the cornerstone of HIV prevention. This study assessed the acceptability of VCT among medical students in a single institution in Nigeria METHODOLOGY: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to clinical medical students of the University of Jos in a cross-sectional study. RESULTS: Out of a total of 368 students surveyed, 178 (50.7%) have had VCT. There was no significant difference between the proportion of males and females who had had VCT previously (48.9% of males and 56.3% of females; chi(2) = 1.65, OR = 0.76 95% CI: 0.46-1.20; p = 0.19). The majority of the respondents (83.1%) would want to have VCT. Fear of a positive test result was the main reason given by those who would be unwilling to be tested. Gender had no effect on the willingness of the subjects to have VCT as 81.8% of males and 87.1% of females were predisposed to it (chi(2) = 1.95; OR = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.31-1.26). VCT acceptability was similar among sexually active and inactive respondents (80.2% and 80.2% respectively; chi(2) = 0.018, p = 0.99). CONCLUSION: Awareness of VCT services and acceptability of VCT among medical students is high. These students can be role models for the optimization of VCT services.
Comfort Ajuma Daniyam; Patricia Aladi Agaba; Emmanuel Agaba
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-06-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of infection in developing countries     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1972-2680     ISO Abbreviation:  J Infect Dev Ctries     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-05     Completed Date:  2010-10-07     Revised Date:  2010-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101305410     Medline TA:  J Infect Dev Ctries     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  357-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, Jos University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2076, Jos, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Counseling / methods*
Cross-Sectional Studies
HIV / isolation & purification*
HIV Infections / diagnosis*,  prevention & control*
Patient Acceptance of Health Care / statistics & numerical data*
Students, Medical*
Young Adult

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