Document Detail


Acceptability and validity of older driver screening with the DrivingHealth Inventory.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18460384     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Research has indicated that technology can be effectively used to identify high-risk older drivers. However, adaptation of such technology has been limited. Researchers debate whether older drivers represent a safety problem as well as whether they should be screened for driving fitness. The present study examined how drivers feel regarding technological screening and mandatory state testing. The validity and acceptability of a new technological screening battery for identifying high-risk drivers, the DrivingHealth Inventory (DHI), was also evaluated. In a sample of 258 Alabama drivers aged 18-87, older drivers performed significantly worse than younger drivers on sensory, cognitive, and physical subtests of the DHI, and older drivers with a crash history performed worse than older drivers without crashes. Regardless of age, 90% of participants supported states requiring screening for older drivers' license renewal. The majority of the participants (72%) supported use of technological screening batteries such as the DHI as a driver screening tool. Considering the acceptability and potential efficacy of the DHI, it may be a useful tool in evaluating driving fitness among older adults.
Authors:
Jerri D Edwards; Kathleen M Leonard; Melissa Lunsman; Joan Dodson; Stacy Bradley; Charlsie A Myers; Bridgette Hubble
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies     Date:  2008-01-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0001-4575     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-07     Completed Date:  2008-09-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1157-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Aging Studies, University of South Florida, 4202 E. Fowler Avenue, MHC 1300, Tampa, FL 33620, USA. jedwards1@cas.usf.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Alabama
Automobile Driver Examination / statistics & numerical data*
Automobile Driving / standards,  statistics & numerical data*
Automobiles / statistics & numerical data*
Female
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Population Surveillance
Psychometrics

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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