Document Detail

Accelerated esterification of free fatty acid using pulsed microwaves.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21570280     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
It was demonstrated that pulsed microwave irradiation is a more effective method to accelerate the esterification of free fatty acid with a heterogeneous catalyst than continuous microwave irradiation. A square-pulsed microwave with a 400Hz repetition rate and a 10-20% duty cycle with the same energy as the continuous microwave were used in this study. The pulsed microwaves improved the esterification conversion from 39.9% to 66.1% after 15min in comparison with the continuous microwave under the same reaction conditions. These results indicated that pulsed microwaves with repetitive strong power could enhance the efficiency of biodiesel production relative to the use of continuous microwave with mild power.
Daeho Kim; Jinju Choi; Geun-Ju Kim; Seung Kwon Seol; Sunshin Jung
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioresource technology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2976     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9889523     Medline TA:  Bioresour Technol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Convergence Technology Division, Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute, 1271-19, Sa-dong, Sangnok-gu, Ansan 426-170, Republic of Korea.
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