Document Detail

Abuse history and health risk behaviors in pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9808376     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To study the relation between a history of physical abuse and consumption of cigarettes and alcohol during pregnancy. METHODS: In a case-control study, 83 women who delivered a low birthweight (<2500 g) infant (cases) and 92 women with a newborn with birthweight > or =2500 g (controls) were interviewed about a history of sexual abuse, physical abuse by a partner, and about health behaviors during pregnancy. RESULTS: In all, 46 (26%) had a history of abuse. Birth of a low birthweight infant was not associated with a history of abuse. At time of first prenatal visit 35% of the women were daily smokers, 50%) of the abused and 29%, of the nonabused were smokers. An abuse history was associated with daily smoking when controlled for educational level (OR 2.29, 95%, CI 1.08-4.85). Ninety (51%) of the women reported consumption of alcohol during pregnancy. Abuse was associated with alcohol consumption in pregnancy when controlled for educational level (OR 2.57, 95% CI 1.22-5.39). CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy were associated with a history of abuse. Health care professionals should consider this potential correlation when use of tobacco and alcohol in pregnancy is brought up.
H Grimstad; B Backe; G Jacobsen; B Schei
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica     Volume:  77     ISSN:  0001-6349     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Publication Date:  1998 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-11-12     Completed Date:  1998-11-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370343     Medline TA:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  893-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Community Medicine and General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking*
Case-Control Studies
Health Behavior*
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Interviews as Topic
Pregnancy Complications / etiology*,  psychology
Risk Factors
Spouse Abuse*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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