Document Detail


Abundance of house dust mites in relation to climate in contrasting agricultural settlements in Israel.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10514050     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The correlation between climatic conditions and mite numbers in houses from rural areas was studied in 13 agricultural communities (kibbutzim and moshavim) in nine geo-climatic subregions of Israel. Mites were present in 97% of the dust samples. The average number of mites per gram of dust in the different localities ranged between 84 and 2053. The maximum number of mites (7440/g dust) was found in a carpet from a house in Geva Carmel in the northern coastal region. The most prevalent species of mites were Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae, which were found in 85.6% and 71.3% of the samples, respectively. The house dust mites D. pteronyssinus, D. farinae and Euroglyphus maynei constituted 94.8% of the mites. Most of the mites were isolated from the carpets and sofas (37.0% and 33.7%, respectively), and a smaller number from beds (29.3%). The smallest number of mites (< or = 250/g dust) were found at a minimum relative humidity (RH) of 30% and lower, with a maximum temperature of 32 degrees C and higher, i.e. in the Jordan valley and Negev mountains. A greater number of mites (250-500/g dust) were found at a minimum ambient RH of 35-40% and a maximum temperature of 32 degrees C and higher, i.e. the Hula valley. A large number of mites (500-1000/g dust) were found at a minimum RH of 35-40% with a maximum temperature of 30 degrees C and lower, i.e. in the Judean and Samarian range, as well as in upper Galilee. The largest number of mites (1000-2000/g dust) was found at a minimum RH of 45% and higher, with a maximum temperature ranging between 30 and 32 degrees C. These conditions occur in the coastal strip, the coastal plain and in the Judean and Samarian foothills. A monthly examination of two houses in Zova, a kibbutz in the Judean hills next to Jerusalem, and two houses from Palmachim, a kibbutz in the coastal region, revealed that the highest prevalence of mites was found in the months April-November and May-November, respectively. In Zova, the highest number of mites were found during the months of June and July while the highest concentrations of D. pteronyssinus-antigen (Der p I) were measured during the month of September. A positive correlation between mite numbers and the quantity of Der p I in house dust was found.
Authors:
K Y Mumcuoglu; Z Gat; T Horowitz; J Miller; R Bar-Tana; A Ben-Zvi; Y Naparstek
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical and veterinary entomology     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0269-283X     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. Vet. Entomol.     Publication Date:  1999 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-11-30     Completed Date:  1999-11-30     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8708682     Medline TA:  Med Vet Entomol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  252-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Parasitology, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel. kostam@cc.huji.ac.il
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture
Animals
Climate
Humans
Israel
Mites* / classification
Population Density
Seasons

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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