Document Detail


Abstract Rule Learning in 11- and 14-Month-Old Infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22434559     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study tests the hypothesis that distributional information can guide infants in the generalization of word order movement rules at the initial stage of language acquisition. Participants were 11- and 14-month-old infants. Stimuli were sentences in Russian, a language that was unknown to our infants. During training the word order of each sentence was transformed following a consistent pattern (e.g., ABC-BAC). During the test phase infants heard novel sentences that respected the trained rule and ones that violated the trained rule (i.e., a different transformation such as ABC-ACB). Stimuli words had highly variable phonological and morphological shapes. The cue available was the positional information of words and their non-adjacent relations across sentences. We found that 14-month-olds, but not 11-month-olds, showed evidence of abstract rule generalization to novel instances. The implications of this finding to early syntactic acquisition are discussed.
Authors:
Elena Koulaguina; Rushen Shi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of psycholinguistic research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-6555     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0333506     Medline TA:  J Psycholinguist Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888, Succursale Centre-Ville, Montreal, QC, H3C 3P8, Canada.
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