Document Detail


Absence of postprandial surge in coronary blood flow distal to significant stenosis: a possible mechanism of postprandial angina.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12475458     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate a possible mechanism of postprandial angina. BACKGROUND: Postprandial angina has been recognized for more than two centuries; however, its mechanism is still controversial. The most widely accepted mechanism involves increased myocardial oxygen demand after food intake. Recently, the redistribution in coronary blood flow (CBF) was suggested as a possible mechanism. METHODS: Twenty young, healthy volunteer controls and 20 patients with significant stenosis in the left anterior descending (LAD) or left main coronary artery were enrolled in the study. Coronary blood flow was evaluated in the distal LAD by using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography before and 15, 30, 45, and 60 min after food intake. In the CBF curve, the time velocity integral of diastolic flow (Dtvi) and the product of Dtvi and heart rate (HR) were measured. In six patients, these measurements were repeated after successful coronary intervention. RESULTS: In the healthy volunteer controls, Dtvi and Dtvi x HR increased after food intake with a peak value at 15 min, which indicates the presence of postprandial surge in the CBF. Fasting values and peak values at 15 min were significantly different (Dtvi: 15.1 +/- 4.9 cm/s vs. 18.9 +/- 5.9 cm/s, p = 0.04, Dtvi x HR: 862.2 +/- 261.5 cm/min vs. 1,174.2 +/- 307.5, p = 0.002). In contrast with the controls, despite postprandial increase in double product (HR x blood pressure), Dtvi and Dtvi x HR in the patient group decreased after food intake, with a nadir value at 45 min. Fasting values and nadir values at 45 min were significantly different (Dtvi: 24.0 +/- 19.6 cm/s vs. 19.3 +/- 17.1 cm/s, p < 0.001, Dtvi x HR: 1,449.6 +/- 1,044.0 cm/min vs. 1,273.4 +/- 1,000.9 cm/min, p = 0.002). In six patients, the CBF pattern resumed the normal pattern of postprandial surge in the CBF after successful coronary intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Results of our study suggest that "steal phenomenon" may play a role in the mechanism of postprandial angina.
Authors:
Woo-Young Chung; Dae-Won Sohn; Yong-Jin Kim; Seil Oh; In-Ho Chai; Young-Bae Park; Yun-Shik Choi
Related Documents :
20722918 - Mass transfer and nutrient absorption in a simulated model of small intestine.
15941308 - Quantitation of carnosine in humans plasma after dietary consumption of beef.
7106088 - Bioavailability of phenylbutazone preparations in the horse.
8866038 - Bioequivalence of two orally administered nicardipine products.
21515638 - Meeting the challenge of food and energy security.
18628118 - Environmental variation at the onset of independent foraging affects full-grown body ma...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-11     Completed Date:  2003-01-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1976-83     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Clinical Research Institute and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Angina Pectoris / physiopathology*
Arteries / physiopathology*
Blood Flow Velocity / physiology*
Blood Pressure / physiology
Coronary Circulation / physiology*
Coronary Stenosis / epidemiology,  physiopathology*,  surgery*
Coronary Vessels / physiopathology*
Eating / physiology
Female
Heart Rate / physiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Observer Variation
Postprandial Period / physiology*
Prevalence
Stroke Volume / physiology
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Outcomes of repeat revascularization in diabetic patients with prior coronary surgery.
Next Document:  Haptoglobin phenotype is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease in individuals with d...