Document Detail


Absence of inspiratory laryngeal constrictor muscle activity during nasal neurally adjusted ventilatory assist in newborn lambs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22518828     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In nonsedated newborn lambs, nasal pressure support ventilation (nPSV) can lead to an active glottal closure in early inspiration, which can limit lung ventilation and divert air into the digestive system, with potentially deleterious consequences. During volume control ventilation (nVC), glottal closure is delayed to the end of inspiration, suggesting that it is reflexly linked to the maximum value of inspiratory pressure. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to test whether inspiratory glottal closure develops at the end of inspiration during nasal neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (nNAVA), an increasingly used ventilatory mode where maximal pressure is also reached at the end of inspiration. Polysomnographic recordings were performed in eight nonsedated, chronically instrumented lambs, which were ventilated with progressively increasing levels of nPSV and nNAVA in random order. States of alertness, diaphragm, and glottal muscle electrical activity, tracheal pressure, Spo(2), tracheal Pet(CO(2)), and respiratory inductive plethysmography were continuously recorded. Although phasic inspiratory glottal constrictor electrical activity appeared during nPSV in 5 of 8 lambs, it was never observed at any nNAVA level in any lamb, even at maximal achievable nNAVA levels. In addition, a decrease in Pco(2) was neither necessary nor sufficient for the development of inspiratory glottal constrictor activity. In conclusion, nNAVA does not induce active inspiratory glottal closure, in contrast to nPSV and nVC. We hypothesize that this absence of inspiratory activity is related to the more physiological airway pressurization during nNAVA, which tightly follows diaphragm electrical activity throughout inspiration.
Authors:
Mohamed Amine Hadj-Ahmed; Nathalie Samson; Marie Bussières; Jennifer Beck; Jean-Paul Praud
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-04-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  113     ISSN:  1522-1601     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-03     Completed Date:  2012-12-07     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Neonatal Respiratory Research Unit, Departments of Pediatrics and Physiology, Université de Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada;
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Animals, Newborn
Carbon Dioxide / blood
Diaphragm / physiology
Glottis / physiology*
Laryngeal Muscles / physiology*
Polysomnography
Respiration, Artificial*
Sheep
Trachea / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MOP 15558//Canadian Institutes of Health Research
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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