Document Detail

Absence of depression in elderly adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2921476     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Depressive symptomatology has been reported to be most prevalent over the age of 65. This study examined the effects of age (young less than or equal to 60 years, old greater than 60 years) and sex on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), MMPI Scale 2 (Depression), and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Responses to somatic versus psychological complaints on the BDI were examined separately, and the physical malfunctioning subscale (D3) of the MMPI-2 was also evaluated. No age effects were found on any of the depression scales' total scores. On the BDI, the older group reported more somatic complaints than the younger group. Psychological complaints were reported equally for young and old groups. Women reported more depressed items on the MMPI-2 and reported a greater number of symptoms of physical malfunctioning (D3) than men for both age groups. No age by sex interaction reached significance. A report of greater physical malfunctioning (D3) was significantly associated with higher scores on all the depression scales. The increased prevalence of somatic complaints on self-report depression scales probably results in higher scores, which are misinterpreted as representing more depression in the elderly population. It is recommended that a depression scale such as the GDS, which excludes somatic items, be used to assess depression in older adults.
K Bolla-Wilson; M L Bleecker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of gerontology     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0022-1422     ISO Abbreviation:  J Gerontol     Publication Date:  1989 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-04-12     Completed Date:  1989-04-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374762     Medline TA:  J Gerontol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  P53-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Aged, 80 and over
Depression / epidemiology*
Health Status
Intelligence Tests
Middle Aged
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Sex Factors
Grant Support
1P01 AG-0440301/AG/NIA NIH HHS

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