Document Detail

Absence of acute cerebral vasoconstriction after cocaine-associated subarachnoid hemorrhage.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16174948     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Cocaine use has been associated with neurovascular complications, including arterial vasoconstriction and vasculitis. However, there are few studies of angiographic effects of cocaine on human cerebral arteries. Information on these effects could be obtained from angiograms of patients with cocaine-associated subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) who underwent angiography shortly after cocaine use. METHODS: We screened patients with SAH retrospectively and identified those with positive urine toxicology for cocaine or its metabolites. Quantitative arterial diameter measurements from angiograms of these patients were compared to measurements from control patients with SAH who were matched for factors known to influence arterial diameter. Qualitative comparisons of small artery changes also were made. RESULTS: Thirteen patients with positive cocaine toxicology were compared to 26 controls. There were no significant differences between groups in the mean diameters of the intradural internal carotid, sphenoidal segment of the middle cerebral, precommunicating segment of the anterior cerebral, or basilar arteries (p greater than 0.05 for all comparisons, unpaired t-tests). There also were no significant differences between groups when expressing diameters as the sum of the precommunicating segment of the anterior cerebral + sphenoidal segment of the middle cerebral + supraclinoid internal carotid artery + basilar artery divided by the diameter of the petrous internal carotid artery (p greater than 0.05, unpaired t-tests). Qualitative assessments showed two arterial irregularities in the distal vasculature in each group. CONCLUSION: No quantitative evidence for narrowing of large cerebral arteries or qualitative angiographic evidence for distal narrowing or vasculitis could be found in patients who underwent angiography after aneurysmal SAH associated with cocaine use.
Tibor Boco; R Loch Macdonald
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurocritical care     Volume:  1     ISSN:  1541-6933     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurocrit Care     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-21     Completed Date:  2005-11-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101156086     Medline TA:  Neurocrit Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  449-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Medical Center, Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Carotid Artery, Internal / radiography
Cerebral Angiography
Cocaine-Related Disorders / complications*
Functional Laterality
Mass Screening / methods
Retrospective Studies
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / etiology*,  radiography
Vasospasm, Intracranial / diagnosis*,  radiography

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