Document Detail


Abortion surveillance--United States, 1995.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9665158     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
CONDITION: Since 1990 (i.e., the year in which the number of abortions was highest), the annual number of abortions in the United States has decreased by 15%.
REPORTING PERIOD COVERED: This report summarizes and reviews information reported to CDC regarding legal induced abortions obtained in the United States during 1995.
DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: For each year since 1969, CDC has compiled abortion data received from 52 reporting areas: 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City.
RESULTS: In 1995, a total of 1,210,883 legal abortions were reported to CDC, representing a 4.5% decrease from the number reported for 1994. The abortion ratio was 311 legal induced abortions per 1,000 live births, and the abortion rate was 20 per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years, the lowest ratio and rate recorded since 1975. Women who were undergoing an abortion were more likely to be young, white, and unmarried; most were obtaining an abortion for the first time. Approximately half of all abortions (54%) were performed at < or =8 weeks of gestation, and approximately 88% were performed before 13 weeks. Approximately 16% of abortions were performed at the earliest weeks of gestation (< or =6 weeks), approximately 17% at 7 weeks of gestation, and approximately 21% at 8 weeks of gestation. Few abortions were provided after 15 weeks of gestation -- approximately 4% of abortions were obtained at 16-20 weeks, and 1.4% were obtained at > or =21 weeks. Younger women (i.e., women aged < or =24 years) were more likely to obtain abortions later in pregnancy than were older women.
INTERPRETATION: Since 1990, the number of abortions has declined each year. Since 1987, the abortion-to-live-birth ratio has declined; in 1995, it was the lowest recorded since 1975. This decrease in the abortion ratio reflects a trend that a lower proportion of pregnant women obtain induced abortion.
ACTIONS TAKEN: The number and characteristics of women who obtain abortions in the United States should continue to be monitored so that trends in induced abortion can be assessed, efforts to prevent unintended pregnancy can be evaluated, and the preventable causes of morbidity and mortality associated with abortions can be identified and reduced.
Authors:
L M Koonin; J C Smith; M Ramick; L T Strauss
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  MMWR. CDC surveillance summaries : Morbidity and mortality weekly report. CDC surveillance summaries / Centers for Disease Control     Volume:  47     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  MMWR CDC Surveill Summ     Publication Date:  1998 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-07-21     Completed Date:  1998-07-21     Revised Date:  2012-03-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8407977     Medline TA:  MMWR CDC Surveill Summ     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  31-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abortion, Legal / statistics & numerical data*
Adolescent
Adult
Female
Gestational Age
Humans
Population Surveillance
Pregnancy
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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