Document Detail

Abolition of feeding intolerance following ophthalmologic examination of neonates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4078669     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Administration of mydriatic medication and ophthalmologic examination have previously been associated with feeding intolerance, characterized by large retained gastric aspirates and abdominal distention. In an attempt to eliminate this problem, we instituted a policy of withholding feedings for four hours following ophthalmologic examination. A prospective series of 50 consecutive patients was then followed to determine the incidence of feeding intolerance 24 hours prior to and 24 hours following the examination. All infants had received cyclopentolate hydrochloride and phenylephrine hydrochloride prior to the examination. A critical review of the nursing notes revealed no increased incidence in feeding intolerance during the 24-hour period following examination. There were no cases of necrotizing enterocolitis during either period. This study provides evidence that the incidence of feeding intolerance following ophthalmologic examinations might be reduced by withholding feeding for four hours after the examinations.
M C Hermansen; S Hasan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0191-3913     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus     Publication Date:    1985 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-02-14     Completed Date:  1986-02-14     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7901143     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  256-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cyclopentolate / diagnostic use
Gastrointestinal Diseases / classification,  etiology*,  prevention & control
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases / classification,  etiology*,  prevention & control
Ocular Physiological Phenomena*
Phenylephrine / diagnostic use
Physical Examination*
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
512-15-2/Cyclopentolate; 59-42-7/Phenylephrine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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