Document Detail


Abnormal ductus venosus pulsatility index in the absence of concurrent umbilical venous pulsations does not indicate worsening fetal condition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23355102     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Recordings of blood flow velocity waveform in the ductus venosus (DV) and the umbilical vein (UV) are routinely used in order to predict the fetal condition in high-risk pregnancies. This study investigates the relationship between pathological blood flow in the two vessels and perinatal outcome. METHODS: High-risk pregnancies (n=11865) admitted during 1993-2011 for blood flow examinations, including recordings of DV pulsatility index for veins (PIV) and UV pulsations, were included. The results were related to perinatal outcome, using the last Doppler examination prior to delivery in analysis. RESULTS: Abnormal DV PIV was observed in 3,96%, intra-abdominal UV-pulsations in 1,3% and pulsations in the cord in 0,7% of the cases. As expected, the rate of UV-pulsations increased with increasing DV PIV z-score. Fetuses with a pathological DV PIV, but without UV pulsations showed no signs of compromise. This was also true for cases with a DV PIV >4 SD above the mean (53.7 % had a steady flow in the UV). In contrast, the occurrence of UV-pulsations seems to be an indicator of fetal compromise regardless of level of DV PIV. CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal fetal venous blood velocity is related to adverse outcome of high-risk pregnancies. However, abnormal DV PIV is not an indicator of fetal compromise unless UV-pulsations are concurrently present and should be regarded as an artifact and not an indication for emergency delivery.
Authors:
Charlotte Dahlbäck; Mats Pihlsgård; Saemundur Gudmundsson
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1469-0705     ISO Abbreviation:  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9108340     Medline TA:  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
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