Document Detail

Abnormal cardiovascular regulation in the mitral valve prolapse syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6869279     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Studies of patients with mitral valve prolapse syndrome have suggested autonomic nervous system dysfunction, but a precise definition of mechanisms is lacking. We measured supine and standing heart rate, blood pressure, cardiac output, oxygen consumption, plasma catecholamines, and blood volume in 23 symptomatic women with both echocardiographic and phonographic signs of MVP and in 17 normal control subjects. An analysis of the results revealed 2 distinct subgroups of patients: those with normal heart rates but increased vasoconstriction (Group I, n = 10) and those with orthostatic tachycardia (Group II, n = 13). Group II patients had heart rates at rest supine of 97 +/- 3 compared with 79 +/- 2 in Group I patients and 78 +/- 8 in control subjects. Estimated total blood volumes were lowest in Group I patients, intermediate in Group II patients, and highest in control subjects (p less than 0.05). Other measurements at rest supine were similar in patients and controls. After standing for 5 minutes, patients had a higher mean plasma epinephrine value, diastolic blood pressure (81 +/- 2 versus 74 +/- 3 mm Hg, p less than 0.05), and peripheral resistance (1,878 +/- 114 versus 1,414 +/- 92, dynes s cm-5, p less than 0.01), wider arteriovenous oxygen difference (6.7 +/- 0.4 versus 5.3 +/- 0.5 vol%), and lower stroke volume index (26 +/- 2 versus 33 +/- 2 ml/m2, p less than 0.01) than did the control subjects. Cardiac output was normal in Group II patients but reduced in Group I patients, who demonstrated marked vasoconstriction. No patient had evidence of a "hyperkinetic" circulatory state. A cycle of decreased forward stroke volume, vasoconstriction, and blood volume contraction appears to be present in at least some symptomatic patients with MVP.
F A Gaffney; B C Bastian; L B Lane; W F Taylor; J Horton; J E Schutte; R M Graham; W Pettinger; C G Blomqvist
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1983 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-08-26     Completed Date:  1983-08-26     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  316-20     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Autonomic Nervous System / physiopathology
Cardiovascular System / physiopathology
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve Prolapse / blood,  physiopathology*
Grant Support

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