Document Detail

Abnormal atrial activation in young patients with lone atrial fibrillation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20864492     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Aims Patients with a history of atrial fibrillation (AF) have previously been shown to have altered atrial conduction, as seen non-invasively using signal-averaged P-wave analysis. However, little is known about the P-wave morphology in patients in the early phases of AF with structurally normal hearts. Methods and results Thirty-six patients with lone AF were included before the age of 40 years (34 ± 4 years, 34 men) and compared with age- and gender-matched control subjects. Standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) was recorded for at least 10 s. P-wave morphology and duration were estimated using signal-averaged P-wave analysis. Echocardiography was performed in association with the ECG recording. Heart rate (67 ± 13 vs. 65 ± 7 b.p.m., P = 0.800) and PQ-interval (163 ± 16 vs. 164 ± 23 ms, P = 0.629) were similar in AF cases and controls, as was P-wave duration (136 ± 13 vs. 129 ± 13 ms, P = 0.107). The distribution of P-wave morphology differed between the AF cases and controls [33/58/0/8 vs. 75/25/0/0% (Type 1/Type 2/Type 3/atypical), P = 0.001], with a larger proportion of patients with AF exhibiting signs of impaired interatrial conduction. Conclusion A significant difference in P-wave morphology distribution was seen between patients with early-onset, lone paroxysmal AF and age- and gender-matched healthy control subjects. This finding indicates that alterations in atrial electrophysiology are common in the early stage of the arrhythmia, and since it occurs in young patients without co-morbidity may well be the cause rather than the consequence of AF.
Fredrik Holmqvist; Morten S Olesen; Arnljot Tveit; Steve Enger; Jari Tapanainen; Raija Jurkko; Rasmus Havmöller; Stig Haunsø; Jonas Carlson; Jesper H Svendsen; Pyotr G Platonov
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1532-2092     ISO Abbreviation:  Europace     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883649     Medline TA:  Europace     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  188-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
1Department of Cardiology, Lund University, SE-221 85 Lund, Sweden.
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