Document Detail


Ability to counselors to detect cognitive impairment among substance-abusing patients: an examination of diagnostic efficiency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9234038     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Counselors (N = 12) in 1 of 2 substance abuse treatment facilities were asked to identify which of their patients (N = 97) had general neurocognitive impairment. Counselors were required to base their judgements on information collected from patients during psychosocial history gathering, clinical interviews, physical examinations, brief cognitive screening tests, and substance abuse severity evaluations, but not on neuropsychological test results. All patients were subsequently administered a neuropsychological test battery. Diagnostic agreement between counselors' impressions of patients' cognitive status and patients' actual neuropsychological test performance was poor. Subsequent analyses revealed counselors' impressions about patients' neuropsychological functioning were based on information that did not reliably discriminate between cognitively impaired and intact patients (e.g., years of education and self-reported symptoms of cognitive dysfunction).
Authors:
W Fals-Stewart
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental and clinical psychopharmacology     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1064-1297     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Clin Psychopharmacol     Publication Date:  1997 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-09-12     Completed Date:  1997-09-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9419066     Medline TA:  Exp Clin Psychopharmacol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  39-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts, USA. falste@harvarda.harvard.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cognition / drug effects*
Counseling
Female
Humans
Male
Neuropsychological Tests
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Substance Abuse Detection*
Substance-Related Disorders / psychology*,  rehabilitation
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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