Document Detail


Abductor tendon tears of the hip: evaluation and management.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21724917     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The gluteus medius and minimus muscle-tendon complex is crucial for gait and stability in the hip joint. There are three clinical presentations of abductor tendon tears. Degenerative or traumatic tears of the hip abductor tendons, so-called rotator cuff tears of the hip, are seen in older patients with intractable lateral hip pain and weakness but without arthritis of the hip joint. The second type of tear may be relatively asymptomatic. It is often seen in patients undergoing arthroplasty for femoral neck fracture or elective total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteoarthritis. The third type of abductor tendon dysfunction occurs with avulsion or failure of repair following THA performed through the anterolateral approach. Abductor tendon tear should be confirmed on MRI. When nonsurgical management is unsuccessful, open repair of the tendons with transosseous sutures is recommended. Good pain relief has been reported following endoscopic repair. Abductor tendon repair has had inconsistent results in persons with avulsion following THA. Reconstruction with a gluteus maximus muscle flap or Achilles tendon allograft has provided promising short-term results in small series.
Authors:
Paul F Lachiewicz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1067-151X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Acad Orthop Surg     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9417468     Medline TA:  J Am Acad Orthop Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  385-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
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